Andhra pradesh general knowledge mcq special exams APPSC G.K II part 01 II

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#appsc #ap_gk #andhra_pradesh_gk #Andhra_Pradesh, state of India, located in the southeastern part of the subcontinent. It is bounded by the Indian st...


#appsc #ap_gk #andhra_pradesh_gk

#Andhra_Pradesh, state of India, located in the southeastern part of the subcontinent. It is bounded by the Indian states of Tamil Nadu to the south, Karnataka to the southwest and west, Telangana to the northwest and north, and Odisha to the northeast. The eastern boundary is a 600-mile (970-km) coastline along the Bay of Bengal. Telangana was a region within Andhra Pradesh for almost six decades, but in 2014 it was carved off to form a separate state. The capital of both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana is Hyderabad, in west-central Telangana.

The state has three main physiographic regions: the coastal plain to the east, extending from the Bay of Bengal to the mountain ranges; the mountain ranges themselves, the Eastern Ghats, which form the western flank of the coastal plain; and, in the southwest, the plateau to the west of the Ghats. The coastal plain, also known as the Andhra region, runs almost the entire length of the state and is watered by several rivers, flowing from west to east through the hills into the bay. The deltas formed by the most important of those rivers—the Godavari and the Krishna—make up the central part of the plains, an area of fertile alluvial soil.

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing

Agriculture, dominated by the production of food grains, is a major, although declining, sector of the state’s economy, in terms of value. Andhra Pradesh is one of the leading rice-growing states in the country and is a major producer of India’s tobacco. The state’s rivers—particularly the Godavari and the Krishna, but also the Penneru—account for its agricultural importance.For a long time the rivers’ benefits were restricted to the coastal districts of the Andhra region, which had the best irrigation facilities. Beginning in the mid-20th century, however, great efforts were made to tap the waters of the Godavari, Krishna, Penneru, and other rivers by constructing dams and reservoirs that benefit both coastal and drier upland regions. Canal irrigation in the Rayalaseema region of the plateau has given rise to agro-industrial complexes rivalling those of coastal Andhra Pradesh. The Nagarjuna Sagar multipurpose project, diverting the waters of the Krishna for irrigation, has substantially increased the production of rice and sugarcane. Rice flour, rice bran oil, paints and varnishes, soaps and detergents, cardboard and other packaging materials, and cattle feed are all produced from local paddy rice. Other agricultural commodities grown statewide include other cereal grains, pulses (peas, beans, and lentils), peanuts (groundnuts), corn (maize), and cotton—all of which are processed locally as well—and a variety of fruits and vegetables.
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